Spanish Household X-Ray

The number of houses in Spain keeps creeping higher and reaches 18.083.692, according to the Population and Housing Census 2011. It shows a 27,5% gain, comparing to the last benchmark of this type from 2001. These are the principal changes in the Spanish housing that have happened in the last decade:

Homes are smaller.

From 4 members per home in the 70s, it went down to 2.58 in 2011. Decrease in birthrates and increase in single person homes are the causes of the drop-off.

The largest homes are in Andalusia. 

The provinces with the higest average size of homes are found in the southern part of Spain. Murcia and Cadiz stand out, with 2.75 compared to the national average of 2.58. Among the provinces showing the smallest number of people per home are the three Basque provinces and 8 out of 9 in the Castilla and León territory.

A couple is still the most common formula.

The most frequently found homes are inhabited by 2 people (30,1% of all), as much as in 2001. Also, this type of home experienced the highest increase from 3.5 to almost 5.5 million houses. Likewise, the homes inhabited by 5 and more persons have significantly declined in number, shrinking from 11,8% to 6,5% of all.

There are more single person homes.

(…) Now they represent 23.2% of all households. (…) The marital status of the residents of such homes depends on their sex. Men living alone are usually single (57.2%) and in case of women, they are widows (48.6%).

Less ´large families´.

The number of Spanish homes where a couple with 3 or more children lives has reduced by 32.8% in a decade (2001-2011) down to 573.732, while the houses inhabited by childless couples jumped up by 45.1% and is already reaching 4 millions. (…)

Five rooms on 80 m2.

86.5% of the main dwellings has got between 3 and 6 rooms. The most frequent number is 5 (37,3%). (…) Most of the houses occupy between 76 and 90 m2.


One in three houses is bound by a mortgage.

In the 2001-2011 decade, the number of houses with mortgage almost doubled, from 3.2 millions in 2001 up to almost 6 millions ten years later. At the same time the fully paid-off houses (more than 7 millions) reduced its number by 2.4%.

The home ownership by heredity or by donation went up by 7.2% (and now equals to 1.3 millions) while the number of houses given in for free or bought at a low price rised by 49.7%, reaching 1.3 millions.

Source: Cinco Días