19/08/2014 – Cinco Dias
Spain´s past 15 years of economic growth opened the door for foreigners who wished to anchor in the country. By 2008, they had been gladly hired in such sectors as construction which, unfortunately, acutely suffered during the recession. That year, as per the National Institute of Statistics´s data, net migration rate showed 310.642 people. The next year, the rate post a shy 12.845 of foreign arrivals.
Following the shrinking suit, in 2013, 256.849 foreigners left Spain, representing 0.47% of all citizens. Since 2010, the country has said good-bye to 380.000 immigrants. Also, compared with the 1st January 2010 figures, new registration presently underperforms with 1.071.712 applicants less.
However, these statistics might be affected by the fact that many of the foreigners do not renew their residency status in the annual census. According to the census, the nations that massively cleared out from Spain were Romanians, Britons and Ecuadorians, adding up to 280.005 people in total. Only the number of Moroccans increased in 2013.
Aside from this phenomena, Spaniards themselves emigrate from their mother country. To illustrate, in 2008, 33.505 citizens left Spain. The net migration rate for the Spain-born marked zero as 31.701 Spanish people returned to the country. During only four years, twice as much Spaniards (79.306) left in search of better job opportunities.
In turn, the arrivals to the country stagnate at 33.393. Therefore, in 2013, the net balance crossed the red, revealing disappearance of 45.913 inhabitants of Spain. Since 2010, 101.384 Spaniards have emigrated with the statistics expected to improve due to the better perspectives for the Spanish economy.
Original article: Cinco Días (by Mario Moreno)
Translation: AURA REE